A hemostat which is also known as arterial forceps or haemostatic clamp, is a surgical instrument that is utilized in a wide range of surgical procedures and processes in terms of controlling and stopping bleeding. For this reason, it is one of the most common practices during the initial phases of surgery for the incision to get aligned with hemostats that close the blood vessels awaiting ligation. The hemostats basically belong to a group of instruments that are highly significant (similar to scissors, including tissue holders, needle holders, and various clamps) where the structure of the tip defines its function. This controlling of blood loss during the entire process of urologic surgery is of utmost significance in terms of getting success of patient recovery.
Moreover, the hemostatic agents and tissue sealants are primarily utilized in a routine wise manner to prevent excessive blood loss and in the entire reconstruction process during the surgical repair. Some of the widely available products include fibrin glue, thrombin sealant, gelatin matrix, and bovine serum/albumin/glutaraldehyde. Each of these agents majorly differs in terms of cost, mechanism, and application. Furthermore, the complications can contain thromboembolism or allergic reactions and the risk of hepatitis or contracting bovine spongiform encephalitis. Also, there is a wide range of new hemostatic agents that are being approved and developed as well. The major risks and benefits in terms of the utilization of these agents versus the conventional treatment that is needed to be considered on a case-by-case basis, especially by the surgeon.
Sealants are mostly the products that are widely utilized, especially by surgeons, in order to repair the tissue that is damaged due to injury or surgery. The damaged tissues there include internal organs, skin, and even blood vessels. The sealants are mainly utilized to assist inminimizing the quantity of blood loss or to prevent leaks, and hence, theycan be used in conjunction with mechanical techniques such asstaples and sutures. Moreover, the hemostatic agents and the tissue sealants are extremely used in a vast number of surgical disciplines. The hemostatic agents stop bleeding either by mechanical means or by augmenting the coagulation cascade, whereas the tissue sealants are the products that bind to and close defects within the tissues. Also, in the case of Fibrin glue products, it offers topical hemostasis, containing sealant properties, thereby promoting the overall tissue approximation process. In accordance with the National Library of Medicine, the granular nature of the gelatin and thrombin matrix compound enables the conformation to the wound’s shape—the granules swell to about 10 percent to 20 percent, enabling the tamponade in the wound bed on contact with blood or even other fluids. In addition, according to Statista, the adhesives had an overall global market valuation of approximately 43.75 Bn USD dollars in the year 2020, while the sealants had an overall market value of just over 10 billion USD dollars in the same year. Also, by the year 2027, it is anticipated that the market valuation of adhesives will rise to nearly of about 65 Bn USD, and the sealants will amount to just over 15 BnUSD.